In conducting my research, I am encompassing the narrative of those with AIDS as well as an inclusion of activism in this topic. In this I plan to learn more about analysis as well as how to construct a bigger picture based on the simplicity given to me by the panels. The two panels that I am extending my research from are ‘Victor L. Laureano’ and ‘Thembi Ngubane’. The panels are similar in theme and basis, in the fact they are based off of people that have died from AIDS. However, the cultures of the two individuals are vastly different, which allows for various perspectives of the disease and its social progression. Because I aim to get a thorough understanding of AIDS and activism, these two panels fit together perfectly. As Ngubane was an activist, it will allow for me to expound upon her views and prospective reforms.  I will also be able to continue my research in a consecutive manner being the the panels coincide with on another.  

As I work through the panels, I begin by pondering the lifestyles and backgrounds of the individuals. In this, I can branch of into researching specific beliefs given the time period as well as what was considered mainstream and/or acceptable. From that, I can then go on to look at the significance of these ideals and look for a theme in terms of my findings. From my contact with the Laureano panel, I gather questions such as “What was Marilyn Monroe’s stance throughout the AIDS hysteria, and what impact did she have on the gay/straight communities?”. I also wanted to learn more about his (Puerto Rican) culture in reference to AIDS and the way in which it was received in his community at the time. In my contact with the Ngubane panel I wonder “What were race relations like in South Africa as it relates to AIDS controversy?’ as well as “What struggles were faced in putting the diary out as an activist?”. All in all, working with each of these panels incorporated extensive research with asking questions, rational thinking, as well as the use of various multi-modal elements to portray a final analysis.


Andersen, L., et al. “Understanding the Experience and Manifestation of Depression in People Living with HIV/AIDS in South Africa.” AIDS Care, vol. 27, no. 1, Jan. 2015, pp. 59-62. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/09540121.2014.951306.

Anderson and others, from the Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health & Harvard Medical School Service – conduct a study on the mental health of low and middle income South Africans living with HIV/AIDS. They provide evidence from an interview study based on a sample of depressed South Africans, ages eighteen and up. The authors would like to bring awareness to the major depressive disorder evident in this group of people, and the way in which they often go undetected due to lack of awareness among patients. This particular article is meant for someone that may be studying the rates of depression among people in varying environments. Furthermore, a person interested in the impact factors of depression may fight this article useful.

This source connects with my panel research as I am considering environmental factors and awareness as it relates to HIV/AIDS. This piece will help me further my research and perhaps engage in further studies on what specific factors affect the individuals in South Africa specifically. With this, I can draw further information on my panel person – Thembi Ngubane.  


Sub-Saharan Africa HIV and AIDS Statistics

Lewis, Nghana. “An Issue of Environmental Justice: Understanding the Relationship among HIV/AIDS Infection in Women, Water Distribution, and Global Investment in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa. (Cover Story).” Black Women, Gender & Families, vol. 3, no. 1, Spring 2009, p. 39. EBSCOhost,

Nghana Lewis composes an essay which provides debates about the significance of HIV/AIDS on women in Sub-Saharan Africa and the problems (juxtapositions) they face. In this peer reviewed text, Lewis provides evidence on the women’s lack of access to water through support from the Millennium Water Alliance. She aims to bring attention to the double jeopardy that women in Sub-Saharan Africa face with their illness as well as the water crisis. Audiences for this entry by Lewis and others include those apart of ‘Project Muse”, seeking more information and discussion on the problems faced by women with AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. Someone conducting an extensive research program in how to go about helping disadvantaged men and women in Sub-Saharan Africa that need water may find this source very useful.

This source connects with the Thembi Ngubane panel as it focuses on those with HIV/AIDs in Sub-Saharan Africa that are also faced with a water crisis. Ngubane lived in South Africa, and based on her diary, she’s not said much about problems with water. Nevertheless, this source will help my research as I look further into the water problem and the time in which Ngubane lived.  


McNamee, Abigail . Being Puerto Rican and American, Nuyorican Children’s Voices. Strategic Book Publ and Rights, 2009, Date Accessed: 21 February 2018.

Abigail McNamee allows for the voice of Puerto Rican children to be heard as they describe growing up in America. McNamee engages in a detailed documenting of the experiences based on first hand interactions from the children. She aims for a better understanding of being apart of two cultures at once, and how it affects the individual, in this case, the children. Audiences for this entry by McNmaee are those who enjoy cultural reads. Someone conducting research on the lives of bi cultural children may find this useful in terms of maybe proposing a study on the effects of culture on these children.

As Victor Laureano is apart of both American and Puerto Rican heritage, this book gives a better understand of what he may have experienced. However, there is a gap in the fact that these are the experiences of children living in a different era. I find this information a little useful.*


Molina, Y. and J. Ramirez-Valles. “HIV/AIDS Stigma: Measurement and Relationships to Psycho-Behavioral Factors in Latino Gay/Bisexual Men and Transgender Women.” AIDS Care, vol. 25, no. 12, Dec. 2013, pp. 1559-1568. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/09540121.2013.793268. Date Accessed: 21 February 2018.

 In this scholarly source, Moslina discusses the manner in which HIV/AIDS is not typically addressed is the Latino community. She accounts the for the stigma that is attached to the disease as well as the negative social and health support among men – whether straight, gay or bisexual. She supports the emphasis on these issues with information from other research sources and people. Moslina attempts to shift attention to what is typically overlooked in certain communities as it relates to this disease – as people normally focus on the health aspect rather than the social aspect. The target audience of this text is people learning more on the social effects of this epidemic. For instance, someone conducting ethnographic research on AIDS in the Hispanic/Latino community would find this information useful. Also, maybe an individual living closely with AIDS in this community would like secondary research and information to clear up preconceptions.   

Being that the subject of my panel is a Latino male, this source can put into perspective what he may have dealt with in his community. The source discusses the social and health reaction to the disease in the Latino community in trans, bisexual, and homosexual men. Regardless of Mr. Laureano’s sexual orientation/identification – I feel that this text can aid my further research.  


Thembi Ngubane, now 20, in her township of Khayelitsha outside Cape Town.

Pao, Maureen. “Thembi Ngubane: Behind, Beyond the Audio Diary.” NPR, NPR, 19 Apr. 2006,   

Pao Maureen, a representative from the Nation Public Radio conducts an interview with Ngubane in which he questions her recording of her diary. Maureen receives a first hand account from Ngubane as she discusses the initial process of recording the AIDS diary as well s further personal encounters. Maureen presents individuals with a first hand glimpse of questions for Ngubane after the completion of her year-long diary recording in order to provide additional information of her journey. This entry by Maureen is intended for listeners of the NPR. Someone that listened Ms. Ngubane’s diary and would like more primary information on the activist would be interested in reading this interview.

The source allows for first hand information on the process of Ngubane’s journey as well as questions that she may not have answered in the diary itself. This is useful to me as it is a primary source, and I receive words and discussions directly from Ngubane after the composition of her diary.


ROBERT, SIEGEL. “Out of Hiding, into the World: Thembi’s AIDS Diary.” All Things Considered (NPR), n.d. EBSCOhost,

Robert Siegel published a transcript of Thembi Ngubane’s AIDS diary. The transcript provides first hand wording from Ngubane herself, in her journey with AIDS. The evidence comes from Ngubane documenting her life with AIDS on a tape recorder from 2004 to 2005. In this, Siegel provides a snippet of Ngubane’s diary in order to shift attention to the life of someone living with AIDS at this time. Audiences for this entry by Siegel includes people conducting research on the life of Thembi Ngubane as she documented living with AIDS. An individual that is living with AIDS & is of the same culture of Ngubane, could use this as a source of inspiration for their personal journey.  

This source gives me a firsthand exert of Ngubane’s diary as well as a briefing of the beginning of her journey. As I work toward getting further access to the entire diary, this piece helps me get a feel for Ngubane’s tone and means for activism. Her positive outlook gives pointers for my research. 


Robins , Stephen. “From ‘Rights’ to ‘Ritual’: AIDS Activism in South Africa.” JSTOR, Wiley , June 2006,

Steven Robins composes an article in which he investigation the way in which the moral politics of HIV/AIDS in South Africa contributes towards new forms of citizenship as well as the experiences and stigma placed on those elsewhere that suffer with HIV/AIDS. Roba=ins uses evidence from films, articles, and campaigns to encompass the main point of his argument and stance of AIDS activism. He aims to bring focus to negativity and social death that HIV/AIDS victims are faced with . This specific piece is aimed toward someone focusing on the social politics of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Someone that would like to learn more about rights and rituals of those with AIDS in South Africa may find this piece useful.

This article gives more insight on  activism in South Africa and rights as it pertains to those struck with HIV/AIDS. This will help further my composition as I compare what is presented in Robin’s article with Ngubane’s activism. I can then take that information and further apply it to my other panel in terms of comparison of culture.  


Rivera, Magaly, “Arts and Crafts.” Welcome to Puerto Rico!, Date Accessed: 21 February 2018.

Rivera offers information on the various aspects of Puerto Rican culture. The composition uses information from multiple travel and culture sources in order to put together a brief summary of the Puerto Rican culture. In order to give a thorough briefing of the arts, the author puts together a piece to encompass all aspects of Puerto Rican heritage. “Puerto Rican culture is somewhat complex – others will call it colorful” (Rivera). Throughout this popular source, the author surrounds what seems to be all aspects of being Puerto Rican. Someone that may be traveling to Puerto Rico and wants to learn more on the culture might find this information very useful and engaging in terms of adaptation and welcoming. However, a young Puerto Rican-American child might find this source useful in trying to impress their family on how much they know about Puerto Rican culture.

The muse of my panel, Victor L. Laureano, is of Puerto Rican heritage, so this source fits well with my research. In learning more about the culture I can draw connection from the pieces on to panel , to things in the culture. The various symbols on the panel may have a further meaning in relation to Laureano’s culture, which can add to my findings.*


Supotnitsky, M.V. “Directory of Open Access Journals.” Aktualʹnaâ Infektologiâ, Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1 Sept. 2014, Date Accessed: 22 February 2018.

M.V. Supotnitsky goes back to the discovery of the HIV/AIDS virus, being that the thirtieth anniversary was recent. Supotnitsky engages in a brief but detailed, scholarly, data-based account of the discovery of the virus and includes support from historical breakthroughs. She aims to encourage a look back on how the introduction of the epidemic was handled among communities. She emphasizes the lack of understanding of the role of the pandemic processes of the virus. The target audience of this post seems to be people with somewhat of a medical background in relation to the HIV/AIDS occurrence as well as others conducting further research of its inception. Students taking part in secondary research my find this particular information useful , as it can lead to other connections and discoveries. Also, people who may be doing research for a general understanding of the discovery of the disease can find use in this source.

This source connects with my panel in the way that the subject of my panel, Victor Laureano – died not long after the discovery of the virus. In this, I can look further into how the epidemic was handled as well as anything that could have perhaps been done differently in the wake of the life of Victor L. Laureano. Outside of my further research on the panel, this information is interesting to me – as I’ve always been intrigued by the discovery of HIV/AIDS.   


U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, “A Timeline of HIV and AIDS.”, 7 Nov. 2017, Date Accessed: 22 February 2018.

The U.S. Department of Health & Human Service, provides documentation on AIDS from its scientific discovery to present day. The evidence offered comes from CDC(Centers For Disease Control and Prevention) stats and other medical breakthroughs to support the timeline. It order to highlight the progression from the genesis of what is known of this disease, the composers have put together a condensed breakdown of the process. Audiences for this entry may include people conducting a presentation of AIDS education and awareness. Furthermore, students in need of secondary research for various topics might fight this specific source quite useful.  

This source allows for me to compare the life span of my subject with the progression of AIDS. In doing so, I am able to draw inferences and connections between what was known of the disease in comparison to time period in which Victor Laureano lived. I find this source to be quite useful in terms of secondary research and further putting other information together.*


#Unit 1, #LaurenoPanel, #NgubanePanel